Design and Implementation of a Computerized Career Guidance Information System

Design and Implementation of a Computerized Career Guidance Information System

                                                                           Chapter Two

Review of Relevant Literature

2.1     Vocational Development and Career Counselling

Career development  theories  propose  vocational   models  that  include changes  throughout  the  lifespan.  Super’s model  proposes  a  lifelong  five-stage career development process. The stages are growth, exploration, establishment, maintenance, and disengagement. Throughout life, people have many roles that may differ in terms of importance and meaning. Gottfredson  proposed a cognitive career decision-making process that develops through the lifespan. The initial stage of career development is hypothesized to be the development of self-image in childhood, as the range of possible roles narrows using criteria such as sex-type, social class, and prestige. During and after adolescence, people take abstract concepts into consideration, such as interests.

Career counselling may include provision of occupational information, modelling skills, written exercises, and exploration of career goals and plans, Rahardja (2008). Career counselling can also involve the use of personality or career interest assessments, such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which is based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological type, or the Strong Interest Inventory, which makes use of Holland’s theory. Assessments of skills, abilities, and values are also commonly assessed in career counselling. [Read more…]