Doctrine of Freedom and Responsibility in Jean Paul Sartre- The Fundamental Principles in an Authentic Existence

Doctrine of Freedom and Responsibility in Jean Paul Sartre- The Fundamental Principles in an Authentic Existence

General Introduction

This thesis has to do with the problem of freedom in man’s realization of authentic existence in the existentialist philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre. Looking at this topic, certain basic questions readily come to mind. These may include: What is freedom? Is man actually free? What do we actually mean when we talk of freedom? This thesis is devoted to an attempt to answering these questions and a whole lot of others. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Biafra Agitation: Any Justification

Biafra Agitation: Any Justification

Chapter One

Biafra As Led By Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu

The Remote Causes of the Biafra Declaration

  Biafra: By remote causes we mean those errors committed, mistakes made, events, etc. that in one way or the other contributed to the Nigeria’s political instability, which are often ignored, but form the bedrock of the immediate crises that led to the attempted secession. We need to note, and importantly too, that these remote causes date back to pre-amalgamation era, and equally too, that their negative consequences still persist as freshly as ever till today. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Natural Law Theory by Thomas Aquinas’: A Standard for Human Positive Law

Natural Law Theory by Thomas Aquinas’: A Standard for Human Positive Law

General Introduction

The concept of natural law occupies a central position in the moral theory of Thomas Aquinas. Thomas Aquinas’ treatise on natural law is contained in the first part of the second part of his Summa Theologica where he treated Law. To be precise, he dedicated question ninety-four of the said book to it (the natural law). The Ethics of Thomas Aquinas closely followed the eudamonological ethics of Aristotle; Aquinas built upon Aristotle’s theory. Just like Aristotle, Thomas sees morality as a quest for happiness. He argued that happiness is closely connected with a person’s end or purpose. He further maintained that human nature has both its source and ultimate end in God. For Thomas, God who created man provides him with the means of arriving at his end. This means, through which man arrives at his end, is what Thomas calls Natural Law. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged | Leave a comment

Notion of Freedom in Jean Paul Sartre

Notion of Freedom in Jean Paul Sartre

Modes of Being in Jean Paul Sartre

Meaning Of Being.

Being in all its fullness, and as the ground of all beings remains a great mystery. All the philosophical epochs have tried in diverse ways without success, to expound a wholesome review of this question. According to L. Okika, he stated that,

The initial difficulty about being or reality is that, it is so very obvious, so that it is preternaturally easy to overlook; and yet at the same time, we find that if we try to construct a strictly logical argument to demonstrate what being is, we cannot do so. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Nigeria Police and Mockery of Common Good

Nigeria Police and Mockery of Common Good

General Introduction

Background

Mind cast on some capitalist societies shows that sometimes, pursuit of personal interest overrides and militates against the realization of common good. Ipso facto, Nigerian society has not been an exception to this. Yet, the fact still remains that it is in working together for the common good or welfare that one achieves one’s private good, and not the reverse. This is because the adoption of a capitalist system does not presuppose a society where the sense of justice and mutual co-existence is totally lost. Hence, some social philosophers have become exponents and defenders of common good of the human society.   No wonder Aristotle holds that man is a social being. That is to say that the goals which man sets for himself, are those he pursues in common with other men. This, as a matter of fact, defines the existence of human society. Taking a cursory look on one of the reasons why man seeks to live in a society Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Concept of Happiness in St. Augustine

Concept of Happiness in St. Augustine

General Introduction

 Introduction

Happiness:Aristotle in the commencement of his “Metaphysics” wrote: “pantes anthropoi tou eidenai oregontai phuse”[1] (all men by nature desire to know). This existential passion or desire is quite innate and intrinsic in man. Due to that irresistible urge in man to know, he involves himself in a curious and inquisitive search into the reasons for his existence. Perhaps Socrates realized this fact and so maintained, “an unexamined life is not worth living”.

In other words, the life of man on earth must have a purpose. And, in order to grasp this end of human life on earth, an intensive study is necessarily indispensable. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Philosophical Survey In The Morality Of Spinoza In The Light Of His Good And Evil

Philosophical Survey In The Morality Of Spinoza In The Light Of His

Good And Evil

General Introduction

The problem of good and evil in the world of ours has become questionable. Good and evil without doubt have constituted lots of discomfort, havoc and other problems in human life. Consequently, so many thinkers of different epochs have contributed in one way or the other according to their own understanding, to unravel this dilemma. Nevertheless, throughout the different periods starting from ancient era to contemporary era, the problem of good and evil have continued to occupy the minds of philosophers. Even at that, no consensus has been reached with regard to a solution. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , | Leave a comment

implication of david hume’s philosophy of impressions and ideas

implication of david hume’s philosophy of impressions and ideas

Introduction

impressions and ideas:Are we not often at times shocked by the discovery that what we thought was certain is later proved dubious and false? If this be a regular occurrence, is it not the case that we may become suspicious of all claims to certainty? But then, the history of human opinion rightly forms the most fertile source material for the development of any theory of knowledge. Yet, no theory or belief has proved so full of absurdity, that it lacked its own disciples. The history of science is itself replete with theories priory accepted by the sages of old but later on discredited. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Critique on Piagetian Theories of Cognitive Development

Critique on Piagetian Theories of Cognitive Development

Problem and Background

Introduction

Cognitive Development:Generally speaking, one of the earliest observations we make in life is that the desire to explore the unknown to further our knowledge and understanding is a fundamental characteristic of being human. Thus, to boldly go into the unknown is also what each of us does in the course of our development.Psychological studies have found out that human development is both the most fascinating and most complex science we have. No wonder then, Piaget pointed out that “… life is a continuous creation of increasingly complex forms with the environment” Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

kant categorical imperative: its implication in Nigerian ethical order

kant categorical imperative: its implication in Nigerian ethical order

Kant’s Moral Principles

Kant in virtue of his education has a vivid appreciation of the unparallel excellence of moral value. In his ethical theory, Kant sets out to discover and justify the supreme principle of morality and the foundation on which the whole structure of moral law must rest if it is to be valid as a genuine law of duty. On his part, he has nothing to do with utilitarianism or with any doctrine which gives to morality a purpose outside itself. The basis on which his entire ethics rest are; Goodwill, duty and the imperative. Read More »

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged , , | Leave a comment