Water Sources and water treatment

Water Sources and Water Treatment

Water Sources and Water Treatment –  The term water sources, refers to the management of the hydrologic cycle within a catchment’s area, the main components involving surface and underground water which provide the sources of water  for domestic, agricultural and industrial purposes.

Water sources are distinctively divided into two:

  1. Natural water source: This include all lakes, rivers, oceans, seas, springs and rainwater.
  2. Artificial water source: This comprises of drilled wells (bore-hole), driven wells, jetted well, dug well and cisterns.

However, I wish to discuss drilled well (bore-hole) which is an example of artificial water source in which I was practically involved. Read More »

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United States Foreign Policy towards the Middle East

United States Foreign Policy towards the Middle East

United States Foreign Policy towards the Middle East – Americans like to think of their country as the goddess of liberty, holding high the torch of freedom as a beacon of light to all the peoples of the world. This belief according to Palmer and Perkins (1996:640) undoubtedly shaped the foreign policy of the United States which is principally to “create more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community”. Little wonder, Carr (1951: 87) states that: Read More »

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Diabetes Mellitus – Copper and Zinc in Diabetic Pregnant Women

Diabetes Mellitus – Copper and Zinc in Diabetic Pregnant Women

Diabetes Mellitus  – Essential nutrients are those that are necessary for growth, normal functioning and maintenance of life and must be supplied by food because they cannot be synthesized by the body or cannot be synthesized in sufficient amounts [Nancy, 2003].

They are categorized as macronutrients and those are nutrients that are needed in amounts of a gram or more per day and micronutrients; the nutrients that are needed in quantities of milligram or less per day. Macronutrients are used primarily for energy metabolism, as sources of essential amino acids and fatty acids. They serves as the backbone of all physiological processes. These include proteins, sugars and lipids (Megan, 2001]. Read More »

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