Analysis of Business Objective and Their Accomplishment through Effective Cost Control

Analysis of Business Objective and Their Accomplishment through Effective Cost Control. (A Case Study of Lake Concrete Industries Limited, Enugu State)

                                                                  Chapter Three

Research Design and Methodology

  • Research Design

Nworgo (1991) maintains that a research is a plan or blue print, which specifies how data relating to a given problem should be collected and analyzed. It provides the procedural act line to any given investigation.

For the purpose of this, the design (method) used is a survey design which involves the use of questionnaire as the main instrument. Again, interview is used. Read More »

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Analysis of Factors Responsible For Low Productivity of Nigeria Workers in the Private Sector

Analysis of Factors Responsible For Low Productivity of Nigeria Workers in the Private Sector. (A Case Study of Nbl 9th Mile Corners Ngwo)

Chapter One   Introduction

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Scope /Limitations of the Study

1.6     Research Questions

References

Chapter Two

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Meaning and Nature of Productivity

2.2     Origin of Low Productivity in Nigeria

2.3     Review of Related Literature

Chapter Three

3.0     Research Design and Methodology

3.1     Research Design

3.2     Area of the Study

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     Validation /Reliability of Instrument

3.6     Method of Collection

References

Chapter Four

4.0     Presentation and Analysis of Data

4.1     Presentation of Data

4.2     Interpretation of Data

References

Chapter Five

5.0     Discussion of Results and Findings

5.1     Findings

5.2     Conclusions

5.3     Implications of the Findings/ Recommendation

References

Bibliography Read More »

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Analysis of the Effectiveness of Information Technology on Banking Services Delivery

Analysis of the Effectiveness of Information Technology on Banking Services Delivery (A Case Study of Union Bank Enugu)

                                                                   Chapter Three

Research Design and Methodology

  • Research Design

In order to obtain relevant and accurate data or information, the researcher decided to adopt the primary and secondary sources of data. In addition, the population of study is associated with commercial bank’  but, the researcher has decided to limit his study an Union Bank Plc. Because of time and financial constraints. The researcher also made use of simple random sampling which give every unit in the population an equal chance of being drawn into the sample. Hence, in the case of area of study, this was limited to Enugu metropolis and the research of area of study, this was limited to Enugu metropolis and the researcher presented and analyzed his data by the means of bar chart, pie chart, as well as  employing Chi – square techniques. Read More »

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Application of Marketing Concept in Marketing of Hair Dressing Services

Application of Marketing Concept in Marketing of Hair Dressing Services (A Comparative Analysis of Magic Fingers Beauty Home and Ultimate Beauty Salon)

                                                                            Abstract

This research project is a very crucial study for the entire public that makes use of salon within Enugu metropolis.  The researcher in this work tried to find out the extent the application of marketing concept can help in the effective and efficient running of an organization with particular reference to beauty salons.

The researcher also tried to find out how the application of marketing concept helped in motivating the users of the beauty salons compared to others that knew nothing or little about marketing concept and its application.

The researcher limited the scope of the study to the users of these salons at new haven independence layout and G.R.A Enugu. Read More »

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Assessment of the Role of the Media in Anti – Corruption Campagin

Assessment of the Role of the Media in Anti – Corruption Campagin

                                                              Chapter Three

Methodology

This chapter concerns itself with the description of the method used in the research the design of the research, the research sample, the instrument used in measurement, collection of data and analysis of data method as well as the results expected.

3.1     RESEARCH METHOD

The work adopted the survey research method. This method aims at studying a group of people or things through a careful collection and analysis of data obtained form a representative few among such people or things. Granted, there are surveys that study the entire target population. That is especially when the population size is mall. However, that is not the case with this research. Read More »

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Attitude of Consumers towards Public Utilities

Attitude of Consumers towards Public Utilities. (A Case Study of Power Holding Company Formerly Called Nepa)

                                                                          Chapter Three

3.1     Research Methodology

The design for this study is a case study aimed at evaluating consumers attitude toward power holding company.

3.2     Instrument of Data Collection

The instrument of data collection are questionnaires and interview guide.

Questionnaires as a research instrument was drawn and randomly distributed within the indicate area of study. The questionnaire was disagreed in format that will give the best possible information required by the study from respondents.

The data obtainable from this questionnaire were basically relief upon used in both the test and analysis of hypothesis. Read More »

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Balancing and Budgeting Control in a Manufacturing and Marketing Organization

Balancing and Budgeting Control in a Manufacturing and Marketing Organization (A Case of Study of Total Nigeria Ltd)

                                                                  Chapter Three

Research Methodology

A research design is the plan, structure and strategy of investigation conceived so as to obtain answer to research problem and question. The plan is the overall scheme of the research and contains an outline of what the researcher proposes to do. The structure of the research is the outline, scheme or model of how the researcher objective will be obtained and how the problem encountered in the research will be tackled.

This chapter deals with method used in collecting information from budget holders from top management through middle to lower level management in Total (Nig) PLC and specification of procedures for data collection exercise.

Method of Data Collection

To get project successfully, the researcher made use of primary and secondary source of data, which were extensively scrutinized to meet the requirements of the research topic.

Source of data primary data: questionnaires and personal interview. In this study the researcher designed both structured and unstructured questions for sampled staff. Also personal interview was carried out.

2.secondary data the researcher made use of textbooks (libraries), magazines newsletters, financial reports etc

Population and Sample Size

C B Gupta in his book, an introduction to statically method defined population as the totality of cases items in a given investigations in essence, populations used here is the totality of the target audience under consideration in research process. However, a sample size of 40 is used by the researcher instead of the total population of 60.this is because due to time and financial constraint the researcher cannot have a complete study of the population. This does not in any form deny this work of any reasonable significant result necessary for a successful research work on the topic.

Chapter Four

Data Presentation and Analysis

Method of Data Analysis

This is a business study and the researcher is thus inclined to measure data not as numerical values but in categories. In presenting the data that way, it is easier to determine, from examination of the data, the level (if there is any) of dependence between the two tested variable. In this type of study, chi-square (or contingency table test) method of data analysis is most appropriate for use.

A chi-square test makes it imperative to formulate null hypothesis, which assumes that there is independence between the two objects of interest and their methods of classifications. it is then the work of the researcher through data analysis to prove the assumption wrong. In other words to reject the null hypothesis.

The chi-square statistic can be computed from the data in a chi-square table by comparing the observed and expected frequencies in each level of the table. If the margin between the observer and expected frequencies are large the chi-square statistic will be large and the null hypothesis is rejected. If however the differences are small, a small chi-square value will result and the null hypothesis is accepted. The formula used to compute a chi-square is;

Of  = observed frequency

Fe  = Expected or theoretical frequency

å = Sum of

It is necessary to determine a level of significance in a chi-square test, but there is no specific level that is generally recommended. It is up to the researcher to choose a level of significance that fits his research situation and which serves his needs. For this particular research the level of significance is arbitrarily fixed at 5% as much as that is conservative.

A decision rule (or critical value or chi-square value) is stated prior to the test. A decision rule is the yardstick for the test. Before we can state a decision rule the appropriate degree of freedom is calculated using the formula

AF = (R-1)(C-1)

Where r = number of rows in the chi-square table the decision rule for the appropriate degree of freedom is found using chi- square distribution table.

Finally compare the chi-square statistic and the design rule to accept or reject the null hypothesis. The detailed computations required in chi-square test will be presented step by step as the hypothesis are tested .the data to be used in testing the hypothesis will result from the analysis of questionnaires (see appendix). The simple percentage method of data analysis is used to analyze the questionnaire the formula for which is:

Where n = Total amount of responses to a question

A = number of respondents ticking a particular answer option to the question.

A% = a“ expressed as a percentage of       in all, 50 questionnaires were issued but only 4 were collected back.

Analyses of Questionnaires

This analysis is restricted to 10 questions only which the researcher considers to be of direct relevance in testing the hypothesis. The questions are grouped into three points. Each group of questions is expected to provide relevant information to test a hypothesis. Each relevant question is first presented and the data collected on it is analysed. Then the data, which result form the analysis of the questions in a group, are combined into a single set of tabulated data, which the hypothesis is tested. At the end of any group of questions under the heading “discussion“the reason behind the questions is stated and the responses are heightened.

Group 1

Question no

Why does your company use budget?
 

Options to answer

 

 

No of respondents (A)

 

 

 

Percentage response (A%)

 

 

To plan profit

To keep proper account

No idea

 

 

 

           38

2

0

40

 

 

 

          95

5

0

100

 

 

 

Question no

Why do you think that budgets help to achieve target profits?

Options to answer

 

 

No of respondents (A)

 

 

Percentage of response

(A%)

 

 

It motivates managers        38       95
Targets are low it makes managers to relax         2        5
Total (n)         40        100

 Question no

When variances occur in your department, into what percentage range does it always fall?

 

Options to answer

No of respondents (A) Percentage response (A%)
 

0 –5%

 

12

 

30

 

5% – 10%

 

25

 

62.5

 

Over   10%

 

3

 

7.5

 

Total (n)

 

40

 

100

 

Discussion:

This group of questions was designed to ascertain what purpose the respondents think the budget serves, the effect the budget has on the work attitude of the manager, and whether or not the performance of the manager is enhanced by the budget.95% view the budget as a profit planning device. All the respondents say it motivates managers.

Questions indicates that 92.5%of variance fall within the permissible range of 0 – 10%

 

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Break-Even Theory and Accounting as a Management Decision a Tool

Break-Even Theory and Accounting as a Management Decision a Tool (A Case Study of Nigerian Hoechst Plc)

Chapter Three

Research Design and Methodology

3.1     Introduction

In this chapter attention is focused on the entire research methodology that is employed in the course of study.  Emphasis is put on the operation and analysis procedure  with  respect to the variable and the interrelationships.  However, the choice of the research design and consequently the nature of the data will be collected to determine the possible in sight into the phenomena under study. Read More »

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Bureaucracy and Efficiency in Nigerian Public Enterprise

Bureaucracy and Efficiency in Nigerian Public Enterprise: (A Case Study of Nepa Onitsha Branch.)

Table of Contents

Title page

Approval page

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of contents

Chapter One

Introduction

1.1     Purpose of study

1.2     Statement of problems

1.3     Scope and limitations of study

1.4     Historical background of study

1.5     Methodology of Research

1.6     Definition of terms used

1.7     Significance

Chapter Two

Literature Review or Related Study and Notes Review or Related Study

 Chapter Three    Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

3.1     Deficiency in man-power supply of data.  Deficiency

in man-power management of data

3.2     Uneconomical recruitment politics of data.  Inappropriate mechanism of man-power motivation.

3.3     Need for culturally relevant management

3.4     Practices

References

Chapter Four

4.0     Data Presentation and Analyzed

4.1     Question of Research

Questionnaire

Chapter Five

5.0     Summary of findings

5.1     Observations

5.2     Conclusion

Recommendation

Bibliography Read More »

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Career Opportunities for Adult Education Graduates

Career Opportunities for Adult Education Graduates in Enugu State Nigeria.

Chapter One

  • Introduction
  • Background of the study
  • Statement of the study
  • Purpose of the study
  • Scope of the study
  • Research questions
  • Research hypothesis
  • Significance of the study
  • Definition of terms

References

Chapter Two

  • Literature review

2.1       Adult and adult education

  • Career guidance/education
  • Career within an organization
  • Career dilemma and career plateau
  • Adult literacy and career motive

References

Chapter Three

  • Research design and methodology

3.1       Research design

3.2       Area of the study

3.3       Population of the study

3.4       Sample and sampling procedure technique

3.5       Instrument of data collection

3.6       Validation of the instrument

3.7       Reliability of data study

3.8       Method of data collection

3.9       Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0       Data presentation and analysis

  • Presentation and analysis of data
  • Testing of hypothesis
  • Summary and results

References

Chapter Five

5.0       Discussion, recommendation and conclusion

  • Discussion and result/findings
  • Implication of the research findings
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations
  • Suggestion for further research

Reference

Bibliography

Appendix Read More »

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