Newspaper Coverage of Foreign News in Nigeria

Newspaper Coverage of Foreign News in Nigeria. A Content Analysis of Daily Champion and Vanguard Newspaper

Introduction

The concept of news, journalism and freedom of press have for many years now been a major sources of disagreement between developing countries eg. African and developed nations of the world. Developing countries often feel ill served by the western news media claiming that foreign writers distrust the story about African growth and development or at times failed to report it at all. Read More »

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Impact of Internal Control in Manufacturing Organization

The Impact of Internal Control in Manufacturing Organization (A Case Study of Nigeria Bottling Company Plc, Onitsha Anambra State)

Introduction

Internal control is an indispensable element in the life of any organization, organization cannot meet its objectives very well without having an internal control. The need to install internal control becomes imperative due to the increase in size and complexity of the activity of the modern organization. The installation of internal control has a lot of impact on manufacturing organization. Read More »

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Review of Challenges and Prospect of Public Procurement Act 2007 in the Execution of Construction Projects in Nigeria

The Review of Challenges and Prospect of Public Procurement Act 2007 in the Execution of Construction Projects in Nigeria

Introduction

Brief History of the Study

Project success is basically to gain the research on public procurement act in the execution project Shash (1993) explains that a construction company can either negotiate with the client or use a competitive tendering process to obtain a contract. F.U. and Drew (2002) suggest that competitive tendering is the most common method use for contractor selection. Read More »

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Use of Committee and Group Meetings in Enhancing Decision-Making

Use of Committee and Group  Meetings in Enhancing Decision-Making a Case Study of Anambra State House of Assembly

 Introduction

 Committee and Group  Meetings: Mc Kenna and Fleming (1977) defined committee as “A group of individuals which is formed to consider and report on various matter which have been referred to them”. At the outset it will be necessary to explain in a compendium the two major terms of the topic for better understanding. A committee can be for important issue is that it is responsible to the body, which forms it, and infact reports to at the end of its assignment. Read More »

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Use of Management Audit as an Aid for Effective Management

Use of Management Audit as an Aid for Effective Management. (A Case Study of Some Selected Firms in Nnewi)

Literature Review

Research Question / Hypothesis Models

Management auditing is one of the most misunderstood, disliked and under utilized branches of accounting, many people particularly those who could have benefited from  the activities of the management auditors thinks enormously of auditing as a mere checking function carried on as a clerical activity as it has been known for some years. Particularly, many company executives believe that management audit is all out of curb manager activities, some people believe that management audit will interfere with the freedom of choice of board of directors. Read More »

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Budgeting and Budgetary Control as Tools for Accountability in Government Parastatals

 Budgeting and Budgetary Control as Tools for Accountability in Government Parastatals. A Case Study of Enugu State Housing Development Corporation

  Review of Related Literature

Budgeting And Budget

It is well recognized that an organization should be managed effectively and efficiently. Managing, in fact, implies coordination and control of the total enterprise efforts to achieve the organizational objectives. The process of managing is facilities when management charts its course in advance. The functions of management also include decision making facilities by various managerial techniques procedures and by utilizing the individual and group effort in a coordinated and ration way. Organizations have limited resources and these limited resources impose limit on the number and range of goals that the organization can hope to attain. One systematic approach for attaining effective management performance profit planning or budgeting. Profit planning or budgeting is an integral part of management. The controller would be particularly interested in profit planning since it helps to regulate flows of fund which is this primary concern Read More »

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Budgeting and Budgetary Control in Business Organization

Budgeting and Budgetary Control in Business Organization. (A Case Study of Emenite Nigeria Limited Emene Enugu Branch)

  • Literature Review

In the purchasing handbook by Georges Aljian, Aljian (1976) defined budgeting as a formalized financial plan for balancing expenditures against incomes.

Budgeting periods are very common but the most commonest period of time is usually one year within this year, there may be monthly or quarterly budget reviews made this term budget is popularly applied to that portion of money allocated for a specific purpose i.e. the “manufacturing budget”, the “labor budget” or the “procurement budget. There can be as many as those individual budgets as the complexity of the organization regures usually, these individual budgets are parts of an overall budget which is commonly referred to as the master budgets. Read More »

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Bureaucracy And Problems of Inefficiency in Nigeria’s Civil Service

Bureaucracy And Problems of Inefficiency in Nigeria’s Civil Service. A Case Study of Enugu State Civil Service

Literature Review

Meaning and Nature of Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy as conceptually used in Public Administration is often associated with conduct of public affairs and the activities of public officials. Therefore, bureaucracies are found in political religious, business, military, educational and other organizations. Modern society have come to regard bureaucracy as sine qua non for organizational effectiveness mark Weber, (1947:196) conceives bureaucracy as a powerful model of organization, he likened bureaucracy to emotion, which its description is incomplete; in many aspects, as a way of life, Weber indicated that bureaucracy involves a clear cut division of integrated activities which are regarded as duties inherent in office. To him, human organization without structures, stability and order breeds chaos. Therefore, in order to overcome what otherwise will lead to confusion in the organization structures, and ensure stability and order, man created bureaucracy. Read More »

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Commercial Bank Credit and Agricultural Output in Nigeria

Commercial Bank Credit and Agricultural Output in Nigeria: (1982-2007)

Review of Related Literature

Agriculture in Nigeria is the most dominant sector and major source of livelihood for the majority of the population. It accounts for about 70% of employment, and in spite of this Binswanger, et al (1999):23) say it has not been able to achieve the major objectives of agricultural development which the World Bank (1997) identified to include; (I) increase in food production and farm income, (ii) make household food, water and energy secure and (iii) restore and maintain the natural resources. They stated further that the failure of agriculture to meet these objectives is due to limited use of purchased inputs and mechanization. Read More »

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Communication a Tool for Effective Management

Communication a Tool for Effective Management. (Case Study of the Star Printing and Publishing Company Limited Enugu)

Review of Literature

  • Definition of Communication

According to E.B Flippo et al (1978) P 421 communication is the act of importing a common idea or understanding to another person “also Koontz and Donnel observes that communication is the means by which organized activity is unified and the transfer of information or message from one person to another is absolutely essential they further explained the effective communication is the means by which behaviour is modified change is effected information is made productive and goods are achieved. There is increasing evidence today that many of the problems associated with management ineffectively are more closely related to ineffective communication. Read More »

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