Effect of the Ban of Sales of Handout by the Management on the students and lecturers

The Effect of the Ban of Sales of Handout by the Management of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki

Abstract

This research work “The effects of the ban on the sale of handouts” is concerned with the effects of the ban on the sale of handouts on the students and lecturers, the following objectives was put forward to guide the study; to find out how the ban on the sale of handouts affect the academic performances of students, to find out how the ban on the sale of handouts leads to students involvement in crime, to find out how the ban on the sale of handouts leads to probation and expulsion, and to find out  how the ban on the sale of handouts affect the lecturers.

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The questionnaire was used to elicit informations from the respondents. Tables and simple percentage was used for data analysis. Some findings were made which includes; the ban on the sale of handouts leads to academic performances of students and poor access to educational materials. Some recommendations were made which includes; the government should allocate sufficient funds to various institutions of higher learning so that good quality educational materials can be provided, the information and computer technology systems should be improved and the school library should be well equipped.

Introduction

  • Background Of The Study

The ban on the selling of handout by the management of Ebonyi State University has affected the students negatively. The consequences can be direct or indirect, for instance, the academic performance of the students has been affected negatively as a result of the ban on the selling of handout by the management of Ebonyi State University, and this is because handouts are produced according to the demands of educational institutions. According to Schneiden (1986) stated that if a change is to be effected in the individual and the particular charge settings such change must stand at the group levels, otherwise it many be difficulty for such changes to be effected in the individual.

Students seek relief from rising prices of textbooks through the purchase of handout which tend to be less expensive. Handout have become the primary technique instrument for most students of higher learning, handout are making it increasing easy for students to access materials for their academic works and most lecturers offered the use of handout at lower prices. The sale of handout by lecturers has served the students a lot in exchange of the stress involve in going to buy textbooks in the school library and increasing price of textbooks. The sell of handout by the lecturers have provide a more efficient ways to connect the student and the lecturers together because some lecturers derived more satisfaction in selling their handout by themselves and fixing the prices of the handouts rather than allowing the school management to fix the prices of their educational materials and sold them based on the fixed price. According to the 2nd Edition of a study by the United States public Interest Reason group (US PIRG) published in February, 2005 textbooks prices are increasing at more than four times, the inflation rate for all finished goods, this indicate the high cost of textbooks which made it difficult for textbooks and other materials to be accessible to the students. According to the research conducted by G.A.O (2005) stated that the following are closely behind annual increment institution and fees at post recording institution, college textbooks and supply price have risen twice in the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades, rising at an average price increases by three percent (3%) per year, collage textbooks and supply prices trailed tuition and fee increases, which averaged seven percent 7% per year. Since December, 1986, textbook and supply prices have nearly tripled, increasing by 186 percent, while tuition and fees increased by 240 percent and overall prices grew by 72 percent, while increases in textbook and supply prices have followed increases in tuition and fees, the cost of textbooks and supplies for degree seeking students as a percent of tuition and fees variable by the types of institution at ended. For example the average estimated cost of books and supplies per first time, full time students for academic year 2003-2004 was N88,800 at 4-years public institution, about 20 percent of the cost intuition and fees. At 2-years public institutions, which low income students are more likely to pursue a degree programme, tuition and fees are lower, the average estimated cost of books and supplies per first time, full time student web 1886 in academic year 2003-2004 representing almost three quarters of the cost of tuition fees. As a result of higher education cost in rise of school feed in Ebonyi State University. Majority of candidates who gave admission, the increment which is about 100% for indigenes and 200% for non-indigenes, even some those students that was able to pay their tuition fees find it difficult to gain enough access to educational materials as a result of the high rise of textbooks of which this sell of handouts by lecturers have provided a more efficient ways to connect the students and the lecturer together, which this problem would have been minimized if the ban on the sell of handout is lifted.

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According to 2005 government accountability office report on college textbooks said since 1980’s textbooks and supplies prices have risen twice the rate of inflation in the past two decades, while many groups have assigned blame to publishers and books stores the high cost of textbooks is unproductive and without merit. The report called on all parties within the industry to work together to find productive solutions which includes a movement towards the sale of handout by the lecturer in Ebonyi State University.

  • Statement of the Problem

The ban on the selling of handout by the school management does not aught well for students. The ban have limited the academic performance of students in Ebonyi State University as a result of limited accessibility to educational materials by the students because of high cost of textbooks and school fees, students who cannot afford the money to buy textbook cannot be able to gain access to much information. Handout always serves as an alternative interest to textbook because handouts are cheap and affordable by the students unlike textbook which are more expensive.

The ban on the selling of handout by the management have cased difficult opportunity by the students in gaining access to the materials needed for their required information and this have depreciated their academic performance, because of students inaccessibility to much educational materials as a result of high cost of textbooks. The ban on the selling of handout by the management in Ebonyi State University has made some students to involve in the various kinds of examination misconduct. It is based on this problem stated above that the researcher intended to carryout a research on the effect of the ban on the selling of handout by the

1.3     Research Questions

On the process of carrying out this research the following questions are formulated to guide the study.

  1. What are the effects of the ban on the sale of handout by lecturers in Ebonyi State University on academic performance of students?
  2. How does the ban of selling of handout linked to student’s involvement in crime?
  3. How does selling of handout leads to explosion in Ebonyi State University?
  4. What are the possible measures to solve the above stated problems?
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1.4     Objective of the Study

The general objective of this study is to find out the effect on the ban of sales of handouts by the lecturers in Ebonyi State University.

The study tries to find out the followings:

  1. To find out how the ban on the sale of handout by school management affects the students’ academic performances.
  2. To find out how does the ban on the sale of hand out heads to students’ involvement in crime
  3. To find out how the ban on the sale of hand out heads to probation and expulsion.
  4. To find out how ban on the sale of hand out by lecturers affect the lecturer themselves

1.5     Significance of the Study

This study have both theoretical and practical significant. Theoretical and practically, this study will be very important to the students and the management of Ebonyi State University especially at this time there is poor academic performances of students of Ebonyi State University is depreciated.

This study will also enable the school management to find alternative solutions that will enable the students to give access to more information. In addition, the findings of this study will serve as an academic reformed work and contributed too much significance on the subject matter.

Practically, the finding and recommendation of this study will be useful for the management and stakeholders in Ebonyi State University to realize how they can provide another alternative that will empower and improve the academic performances of the students.

1.6     Scope of the Study

The aspect of the problem covered by the study is how the ban on he selling of handout by the lecturers in Ebonyi State University causes poor academic performances of students and how it made some students to involve themselves in various forms of examinational malpractices.

1.7     Definition of Concepts

For the purpose of clarity and clear understanding of some terms used in the study which seem too ambiguous and technical in the ways there were used. The following concepts are defined.

  1. Education: Education is defined in this study as a process of training and instruction especially of children and young people in schools, collages which is designed to teach them knowledge and skills.
  2. Students: It is a learner, somebody who attends an educational institution.
  3. Examination Malpractice: It is an act of violation of examinational rules and regulations committed without any defense and penalized with the stipulated law guiding it.
  4. Expulsion: It is an action of forcing somebody to leave a place or an institution.

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     SUMMARY OF FINDING

This research work attempted to have in sight knowledge into effect of the ban of sale of handout with focused in Ishieke Campus, Ebonyi State University. A lot of the effects on the ban of sale of handout haven been seen to include poor academic performances of the students and poor access to educational materials, ill-treatment of the students by the lecturers.

The research was questionnaire method to source information from the respondents the purpose of this work is to establish the nature and extent of which the ban on the sale of handout has affected the students and possible measures to correct the menace.

The importance attached to this study is basically of two kinds, the ban on the sale of handout the practical and theoretical importance. The practical importance of this study is to educate the school management on the effective measures to make policies and laws that will positive effect on the life of students.

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5.2     CONCLUSION

The topic of this research is the effect of the ban on the sale of handout. A study of Ishieke Campus, Ebonyi State University. The research work is divided into five chapter, by chapter one the introductory and background of the work.

This research work was carried out under the following headings:

Background of the study, Statement of research problem, research questions, objective of the study, significance of the study and definition of concepts. In this chapter, broad description of subject matter was carried out and if contains the research for the investigation research proposal and uses or phenomena intended to be tackled. This chapter also contain the impact in the chapter significance was defined to ensure clarity and precision.

In chapter two (literature Review through examination of past research and theories related to the topic of under the following sub headings:

Review of related theories, theoretical frame work and hypothesis chapter thrice (Research Methodology).

In this chapter the method used in this research was specified for easy verification and explanation of the experiment by any interested areas under the following subheading.

Scope of the study, study population, study Area, sample size, sample procedure, instrument of collection and data analysis. The questionnaire was used to collect data in this chapter the sampling size are 300 comprising male and female respondents.

Chapter four (presentation and analysis of data in this chapter various data collected from the respondent were presented and analysis using frequency tables and simple percentage).

In chapter five summaries of research findings, conclusion and recommendation was carried out and finally the work ended with references and appendix

5.3     RECOMMENDATIONS

This study cannot be said to be complex without some meaningful recommendations based on the findings to address the problems encountered as a result of the ban on the sale of handout. Thus the following plausible recommendation are made

  1. The government should allocate sufficient funds to various tertiary institutions and colleges to provide good quality educational materials.
  2. The information and computer technology systems of the school should be equipped and made accessible.
  3. The school library should be equipped and made accessible to students.
  4. There should be proper enlightenment of student on the danger on involving anti-social group.
  5. The library environments should be made conducive and silence for study.
  6. The school management should reinstate the sale of handout by the lecturers to hasten quick learning process

The Effect of the Ban of Sales of Handout by the Management of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki

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