effect of liquid waste on selected soil properties

effect of liquid waste on selected soil properties in abakaliki south eastern nigeria

introduction

Liquid waste also known as waste water is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence, which can originate from a combination of domestic, industrial, commercial, or agricultural activities. Surface runoff or storm water, and from sewer inflow or infiltration (Tilley et a., 2007). While waste is anything that is discarded by an individual, householder or an organization. A combination of different substances some of which are hazardous to health, can amount to build up of waste over time (Odukoya et al., 2006).

The management of liquid waste belongs to the overarching term sanitation, just like the management of human excreta, solid waste and storm water (drainage). The liquid waste has an impact it gives or makes to the soil and its properties because and it can lead to soil pollution which have a negative impact on plant and animal life and probably lead to contamination of ground water (Kramer 1992).

According to Oko et al., (2004) and Eyong, S. (2006), almost all the liquid wastes from cassava processing factories are poured directly on the soils and in some places pits are dug and the liquid are drained directly into them. [Read more…]

Evaluation of Selected Heavy Metals of Boreholes and Rain Water for Domestic Use

Evaluation of Selected Heavy Metals of Boreholes and Rain Water for Domestic Use in Abakaliki

INTRODUCTION

Water is present in almost parts of the earth, from the atmosphere to the ground and covers about 70% of the earth (Amah, 2002). It exists in three (3) states; solids, liquid and gaseous (Symons et al, 1998). One of the most critical and indeed fundamental problem facing Nigeria and other developing countries in the last four decades has been inadequate supply of portable and safe water. This situation has resulted in huge water scarcity and stress that has forced inhabitants to search for water suitable for human consumption (Faniran, 1983). This search has led to the drawing of water from sources that have resulted in the spread of water borne diseases and other related epidemics (Areola et al; 1979). [Read more…]