The Role of the Family in Prevention of Hiv/Aids among Youths in the Society

The Role of the Family in Prevention of Hiv/Aids among Youths in the Society: A Case Study of Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State

HIV for Human Immune Deficiency Virus is the virus that can lead to AIDs – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Literature Review

The Hunters Theory

The widely accepted theory is that the virus emerged in the animal kingdom through the rhesus monkey and chimpanzee. The virus known as Simian (monkey) Immune Deficiency Virus (SIV), exist in the monkey kingdom.

There have been stories of hunters eating infected monkey. Some people think some humans may have had sex with such monkeys (bestiality). Research has shown that both strains of HIV (HIV 1 and HIV 2) are almost identical to SIV. History of HIV/AIDs: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [Read more…]

Child Adoption, Cause, Implications and Public Perception

Child Adoption, Cause, Implications and Public Perception (A Study of the Undergraduate Students of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki)

Literature Review

Review of Related Literature

The care of a child is a continuous process which begins at the pre-natal stage and lingers through the period of post-natal toddlers, pre-school, primary and secondary school age and adolescence to youth. It is indeed a labourous adventure which requires hard work. These fundamental treats of love, care and supports are denied some children who for one reason or the other are parentless. In this regard, adoption remains the only alternative. Adoption is a process whereby a person assumed the parenting for another and in so doing permanently transfers all right and responsibilities from the original parent. (Pamela, 2006). Unlike guardianship or other system designed for the care of the young, adoption intends to effect a permanent change in the status and as such required societal recognition, either through legal or religious sanction. [Read more…]

Effects of Drug Abuse among University undergraduates

Effects of Drug Abuse among University undergraduates in Nigeria

Introduction

This research work is on the effects of Drug Abuse among University undergraduates in Nigeria. It appears that not only the use of drugs that create problems but rather their misuse. In other words the widespread use of drugs has not only turned our attention to the dynamics of drug use and its determinants but also made it necessary to weigh the impact of this process on social institutions and social charge in future generations.

Drug abuse according to Laver (1978) simply means the improper use of drugs to the degree that the consequences are defined as detrimental to the user and or the society. The World Health Organization  (WHO (2006) also defined drug abuse as a “state” of periodic or chronic intoxication, detrimental to the individual and to the society, produced by the repeated consumption of a drug (natural or synthetic). [Read more…]

The Role of the Family in Prevention of Hiv/Aids among Youths in the Society

The Role of the Family in Prevention of Hiv/Aids among Youths in the Society: A Case Study of Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State

LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

HIV for Human Immune Deficiency Virus is the virus that can lead to AIDs – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

 LITERATURE REVIEW

THE HUNTERS THEORY

The widely accepted theory is that the virus emerged in the animal kingdom through the rhesus monkey and chimpanzee. The virus known as Simian (monkey) Immune Deficiency Virus (SIV), exist in the monkey kingdom.

There have been stories of hunters eating infected monkey. Some people think some humans may have had sex with such monkeys (bestiality). Research has shown that both strains of HIV (HIV 1 and HIV 2) are almost identical to SIV. History of HIV/AIDs: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

CONTAMINATED VACCINE THEORY

It has been claimed that parts of animals have been mixed with blood products and then used in vaccine programme. For instance, it was suggested that monkey parts were mixed with a polio vaccine given to thousands of people in Congo during the 1950’s (recently this theory has been debunked, as researchers have managed to obtain some of the remaining vaccine and broken down the component; no trace of animal parts were found. Agent summary statement – centers for disease control.

BLOOD PRODUCT THEORY

Blood products also have large capacity in spreading the virus. Their impact can be dated back to the 1960s. At this time, blood transfusion drastically outnumbered the supply and countries like USA began to offer money to donors. Some of these donors where drug users, homosexuals and a lot had many sexual partners. This blood were sold and distributed round the world. The people worst affected were hemophiliacs prior to 1990, donated blood was not screened in the United Kingdom and most parts of the world. Balkin (2004). [Read more…]