Comparative Determination of Protein Contents of Breadfruit, Brown Beans and Soybeans

 Comparative Determination of Protein Contents of Breadfruit, Brown Beans and Soybeans

Literature Review

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues (Hermann, 2002). Proteins perform a vast array of functions within organisms, including catalysis metabolic reactions DNA replication, responding to stimuli, and transporting molecules from one location to another. Protein differ from the another primarily in their sequence of amino acids, which is dictated by the nucleotide sequence of protein folding into a specific three dimensional structure that determines the activity (Genton, 2010). [Read more…]

Determination of the Level of Ethanol in Alcoholic Beverages Produced in Nigeria

Determination of the Level of Ethanol in Alcoholic Beverages Produced in Nigeria as an Indication for Safety Standard

Literature Review

A drink or beverage is a liquid, which is specifically prepared for human consumption. In addition to filling a basic human need, beverage from part of culture of human society. In medieval times the term beverage was used to indicate alcoholic drinks. In this century, a variety of drinks have been developed, which are non-alcoholic and the wood beverage is now used to indicate all foods, which are consumed in liquid form (Morris Jacob, 1999). [Read more…]

Ethanol Production from Yam (Discorea Spp) Peels

 Ethanol Production from Yam (Discorea Spp) Peels

Introduction

  • Background of the study

Yams (Discorea spp) of the family Diocoreaceae are members of the flowering plant. They are monocots, related to palms, grasses and archids. Most yam species grow in the tropics and subtropics area with fairly heavy total annual rainfall, but with a definite day season. During the rainy season, they produced one or more underground tubers to store food and water through the dry season the tubers are thickened stems. Most yam plant have small flower with one plant having only male or female flower (Kay, 1987). [Read more…]

Incidence of Urinary Schistosomiasis and the Contributory Risk Factors among School Children

Incidence of Urinary Schistosomiasis and the Contributory Risk Factors among School Children in Agulu.

Literature Review

Records indicates that bloody urine was a well-recognized disease symptom in Northern Africa in ancient times.

In about 1950 BC, an Egyptian Pharoah wrote of urinary bladder disturbances that were probably Schistosoma haematobium

The criteria used to denote the disease was a dripping penis. At least 50 reference to this condition have been found in surviving  Egyptian papyri and calcified eggs of Schitosoma haematobium have been found in Egyptian mummies dated back to 1200bC (Roberts et al, 2010). [Read more…]

Effects of Npk Fertilizer, Loamy Soil, and Sandy Soil on the Growth of Tomato Solanum Lycopersicum

The Effects of Npk Fertilizer, Loamy Soil, and Sandy Soil on the Growth of Tomato Solanum Lycopersicum

Introduction

Background of the Study

Growth is the irreversible increase in volume (size) number of part, length and weight of an organism (Umeh, 2004). Growth can be defined as a process by which a plant increase in the number and size of leaves and stems (Rayburn, 1993). Growth is also defined as an irreversible change in the size of a cell, organ or whole organism (Janick; 1979). Growth is an irreversible increase in body size and weight due to incorporation of new protoplasm in the body (sarojini et al; 1991). Growth is a physiological activity involving the enlargement and elongation of an organism  due to the incorporation of more protoplasm within the organism(Okeke; 2014). [Read more…]

Ameliorative Properties of Methanol Leaf Extract of Mucuna Pruriens on the Kidney Markers of Malaria Infected Mice

Ameliorative Properties of Methanol Leaf Extract of Mucuna Pruriens on the Kidney Markers of Malaria Infected Mice.

Literature Review

2.1 General classification of Mucuna pruriens.

Agbala  (Mucuna pruriens ) is part of the family Fabaceae, class papiionaceae, and genus mucuna (Taylor, 2004).

Scientific Classification

Kingdom : Plantae

(Unranked) : Angiosperms

(Unranked) ; Eudicots

(Unraked) ; Rosids

Order : Fabales

Family  ; Fabaceae

Class :  papiionaceae

Genus : Mucuna

Species : Pruriens

Common name Devil beans

Local name Agbala (Taylor, 2004) [Read more…]