Local Government Autonomy And Grass Root Development

Local Government Autonomy And Grass Root Development (A Case  Of Nsukka Local Government Of Enugu State)

Introduction

 Background To The Study

The struggle for Local Government Autonomy in Nigeria has been a recurring issue. It is as old as the history of Nigeria colonial state. Local government Administration practiced anywhere in the world is largely dependent on the historical, geographical, political and economic life of the citizens. Nigeria with a long history of slavery. Colonization, as well as military and civilian administration which have to a large extent determined the system of local government Administration up till date. This work intend accessing the various reforms or ordinance that the local government system in Nigeria has witnessed since 1914 during the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorate by Fredrick Lord Laggard. [Read more…]

Corruption and National Security

Corruption and National Security: A Study of economic and financial crime commission of Goodluck Jonathan Administration (2009-2015)

Introduction:

  • Background Of The Study:

Corruption is the misuse of entrusted power or a dishonest use of one’s office or position for personal gain. It is a cancerous global phenomenon, which has continued to cripple the developmental efforts of Nigeria. Corruption in Nigeria manifests in the form of misappropriation, kickback, over invoicing, bribery, embezzlement, tribalism, nepotism, money laundering, outright looting of the treasuring, and so on. In Nigeria, most of the elected and appointive public office holders and top bureaucrats use their position of authority to actively engage in corrupt practices (Obuah, 2010). [Read more…]

Democratic Governance and Poverty Alleviation Programme

Democratic Governance and Poverty Alleviation Programme: A Case Study of Obasanjo Administration

 ABSTRACT

The topic of this study is democratic governance and poverty alleviation programme. A case study of Obasanjo administration 2003-2007. However, they are problems emanating from this programme which is poor living conditions of the people. The methodology used in the work was structured questionnaire and oral interview to gather the required information. The information derived was sources of data collection, population of study and determination of sample size which was used to analyze the democratic governance and poverty alleviation programme in Nigeria. [Read more…]

Use of Committee and Group Meetings in Enhancing Decision-Making

Use of Committee and Group  Meetings in Enhancing Decision-Making a Case Study of Anambra State House of Assembly

 Introduction

 Committee and Group  Meetings: Mc Kenna and Fleming (1977) defined committee as “A group of individuals which is formed to consider and report on various matter which have been referred to them”. At the outset it will be necessary to explain in a compendium the two major terms of the topic for better understanding. A committee can be for important issue is that it is responsible to the body, which forms it, and infact reports to at the end of its assignment. [Read more…]

Bureaucracy And Problems of Inefficiency in Nigeria’s Civil Service

Bureaucracy And Problems of Inefficiency in Nigeria’s Civil Service. A Case Study of Enugu State Civil Service

Literature Review

Meaning and Nature of Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy as conceptually used in Public Administration is often associated with conduct of public affairs and the activities of public officials. Therefore, bureaucracies are found in political religious, business, military, educational and other organizations. Modern society have come to regard bureaucracy as sine qua non for organizational effectiveness mark Weber, (1947:196) conceives bureaucracy as a powerful model of organization, he likened bureaucracy to emotion, which its description is incomplete; in many aspects, as a way of life, Weber indicated that bureaucracy involves a clear cut division of integrated activities which are regarded as duties inherent in office. To him, human organization without structures, stability and order breeds chaos. Therefore, in order to overcome what otherwise will lead to confusion in the organization structures, and ensure stability and order, man created bureaucracy. [Read more…]

Implications of Rural-Urban Migration on Rural Development in Nigeria

Implications of Rural-Urban Migration on Rural Development in Nigeria (A Case Study of Umuahia North Local Government Area)

Literature Review

Introduction

Rural development as essentially a human process and has being concerned with the improvement of the living standards of the low income population living in the rural area on a self-sustaining basis through transforming the socio-partial structures of the productive activities.

There seems to be lack of precise concepts of rural development and this partly explains the different approaches to rural development in many countries of the world. [Read more…]

Interpersonal Communication and Conflict Resolution in Community Development

Interpersonal Communication and Conflict Resolution in Community Development: A Study of Ivo Local Government Area

Literature Review

Introduction to Literature Review

The main purpose of this chapter is to find out the meaning of concept “interpersonal communication in conflict resolution and its effort in developing communities” with regard for the view point of some authors and their difference opinion about the concept. Here many authors review the meaning of interpersonal communication and connect it to the importance in resolving conflict and encouraging development in our various communities in Ivo Local Government Area. [Read more…]

Impact of Government Expenditure on Standard of Living of the People of Nigeria

Impact of Government Expenditure on Standard of Living of the People of Nigeria

Empirical Literature Review

There are many studies on the role of government spending in the long-term growth of national economies. However, there exists no consistent evidence for significant relationship between public expenditure and economic growth, in positive or negative direction. Results and evidence about the effects of government expenditure or spending on economic growth differ by country or region, analytical method employed and the classification of public expenditures.

There are various empirical studies on the growth effects of government spending based on the experiences of set developed countries.

Aschauer (1989) studied the productivity of government expenditure using the data from the 1949 to 1985. Using the production functions, he compared the productivity of government expenditure on the military capital, non-military capital and infrastructural expenditure. The study demonstrated that expenditure on non-military stock of capital was more productive than the expenditure on military stock and that government expenditure on infrastructures such as roads, bridges, dams, etc, are economic growth stimulating. [Read more…]

Salary Increase and Fringe Benefits among Nigerian Workers

Salary Increase and Fringe Benefits among Nigerian Workers  (A Case Study of Enugu Railway Corporation)

  • Review of Related Literature/Wage Determination

Armstrong (1980) opines that a number of situational aspects affect wage payments; legislation and geographic location are beyond the control of the wage and salary administration but others including wage, comparable wage ability to pay and productivity influence the wage payment.

  1. i) Nature of the Duties Performed: Charles and Pigors (1981) opine that the duties of a particular job classification influence its level of pay.  Wage rates tends to increase with higher still requirement les desirable surrounding greater physical effort and the works relevance to organization purpose.
  2. ii) Labour Supply and Demand: According to Samuelson (1980); the market maintains that the forces of supply (labour seeking employment) and demand organization biding for this reserve interact in the market place when the available supply equals the demand (this state is called equilibrium).  The wage level is established consequently a scarce skill that is much in demand commends a higher wage level.

[Read more…]

Community Development in Nigeria: Impact of Women

Community Development in Nigeria: Impact of Women. A Study of Onicha Local Government Area

Introduction 

1.1 Background of the Study

In Nigeria first like other countries of the world, the problem of development rural area had been a serious change. Community development is the process by which the effort of people themselves are united with those of government authorities to improve the economic, social and cultural condition of communities, to integrate these communities into life of the nation, and to enable them to contribute fully to national progress.

In most countries, women one believed to be the backbone of the rural economy. In sub-Saharan Africa, about 80 percent of the economically female labour force is employed in agriculture and women comprise about 47 percent of the total agricultural labour force. Women also provide much of the labour for men’s cultivation of export crops, provide vegetable for urban markets, contribute up paid labour to the household’s labour and also engage in trader to sustain their families together with their husbands. (Ohagwu, 2010). [Read more…]