A Critique on Freudian Psychosexual Enlightenment of the Child

A Critique on Freudian Psychosexual Enlightenment of the Child

What Is Psychoanalysis?

Introduction

Sigmund Freud has a historical significance as it regards psychoanalysis. He is the father of psychoanalysis from whose theory all other psychoanalysts developed their own theories. Psychoanalysis as a concept has been appreciated with diversified views. Some have appreciated it to have a positive value to man while some see it as unrealistic and an alien theory of personality. An instance of the negative views on psychoanalysis is seen in the words of an earlier teacher that “Every thing you do is determined by forces inside you of which you are totally unaware.”1 That is to say that man is a mask unto himself. This kind of approach makes psychoanalytic ideas seem esoteric and alien, with the claims made by psychoanalytic theorists being arrogant and ominous. [Read more…]

The Ego and the Id in Sigmund Freud: A Philosophical Examination

The Ego and the Id in Sigmund Freud: A Philosophical Examination

The Freudian Models of the Human Mind

In the Freudian postulation, there is a fundamental focus on the human mind. This as aforementioned is enshrined in his course to understand the human personality which is an enigma. Consequently, he sought to view the human mind from three perspectives or rather he observed the activities of the mind to project three structures. These structures include, the Id, the Ego and the Superego in which the two psychic forces Eros and Thanatos flow. [Read more…]

Concept of Justice in Plato’s Political Philosophy Vis-À-Vis Nigerian Situation

Concept of Justice in Plato’s Political Philosophy Vis-À-Vis Nigerian Situation

Introduction                 

Historical Background of Plato’s Conception of Justice

X-raying the background from which Plato had his conception of justice; it would be fruitful to refer to the social conditions that prevailed in Greece at that time. Greece was composed of a number of small city-states, which had autonomous governments. These states engaged in constant warfare with one another, and even with such large powerful nations as Persia. Most of them also suffered from a great deal of internal strife, hence, life for the average citizen was precarious. It was in this condition that Plato found his society. [Read more…]

The Fate of Man in a Sciento-Technological Era

The Fate of Man in a Sciento-Technological Era. (A Philosophical Examination of the Ideas of Alexander Denis.)

  • Science In The Seventies

If a reasonable analysis is made of the whole periods in the history of science, the fact that science brought much innovation to mankind cannot be denied. Throughout the history of science, one could see attempts by scientists to exhaust all that are practicable as far as our world of reality is concerned. But these achievements of science have not been without problems. [Read more…]

A Critique Of David Hume’s Empiricism

A Critique Of David Hume’s Empiricism

Hume’s Life and the Intellectual Influences on Him

2.1     Hume’s Life and Works

David Hume was born on April 26, 1711, in Edinburgh, Scotland which is very close to his family’s estate at Ninewalls, Berwickshire. In the early 1720’s, he entered the University of Edinburgh, although he left the University a few years after without any degree. He was urged by his family to read law, but he could not, as law was not appealing to him, so instead of reading law, he showed keener interest in the ancient writers of history, natural science and philosophy. In 1734, he went to France and stayed for three years, it was during this time that his major works in philosophy began. [Read more…]

Theism and the Problem of Evil: A Critical Study

Theism and the Problem of Evil: A Critical Study

The Concept of Theism

The Meaning of Theism

The Word “theos” “ qeos” in Greek means “ God”. Theism means belief in God, where God is understood to be the single omnipotent creator of everything else that exist. God is regarded as a being distinct from his creation though manifesting himself through it and also essentially personal, earring for and communicating with mankind and infinitely worthy of human worships and obedience. Theism is a central element in the whole judaeo Christian religious tradition. A theistic argument is one that is meant to establish the existence of God and “prove” it to non- believers or reaffirm it for the benefit of believers. [Read more…]

Reconciling Hegel’s politics and our Nigeria system of Government.

Reconciling Hegel’s politics and our Nigeria system of Government.

ABSTRACT

The most obvious pattern of Nigeria system of government revolves around Hegel’s theory of State as the ultimate objectification or self-projection of the Absolute Spirit in which the drivers of government policies are superior to the people. This work investigated and outlined the consequences and the remedy to this Hegel’s foundation of Nigeria government and emphasized the necessity for sustainable development to become the goal of those in the position of power in Nigeria. The remedy is located in the reconstruction of the concept of State in Nigeria with the purpose of producing a State that integrates the people into its policies and pursues development ideology that is people-oriented. [Read more…]

Kwame Nkrumah’s Theory of African Liberation and Consciencism

Kwame Nkrumah’s Theory of African Liberation and Consciencism

  •  Background To Study

Before slavery was practiced in the new world, there was no special denigration of Africans. Travelers to the continent described the inhabitants with the natural curiosity and examination to be expected of individuals coming from other environments.

It was when the slave trade and slavery began to develop the ghastly proportions that made them the base of that capital accumulation which assisted the rise of western industrialism that a new attitude towards Africans emerged.

During this period, Europe was then passing its Renaissance, and the European government, picking great interest in the mercantile Programmes –“a doctrine which regarded money as the main object of a community,” because they needed money and men for the maintenance of the army, and for the unification of their national states. [Read more…]

Aquinas notion of love

Aquinas notion of love

Introduction

 Love In General:Often times in our life, we do hear different categories of people talking about “Love”.  What is “love’, that every person talks about it?  Go to the streets, to different higher institutions of learning we have around today, the word ‘love’ becomes the order of the day, that one often times hears them say certain things like; “I love that boy or girl”. Even among the preachers, politicians and children the word “Love” is always heard.

One certain day, I heard one little boy telling the other a story about his girl friend.  At the end of the story he says; “I love this girl so much that I cannot stay even for a minute without her”.  I asked myself how powerful is “love” that every created being tends towards it. No wonder a musician by name Celine Dion in one of her albums explicitly mentioned the power of love. She says that love does not ask why, it speaks from the heart and never explains. [Read more…]

Notion Addiction and Freedom in Gerald G. May

Notion Addiction and Freedom in Gerald G. May

Literature Review

Addiction and Freedom: Having introduced the topic of our discussion in this long – essay and outlined the modus operandi the researcher wishes to apply, it is now time for us to try to present how other philosophies through the ages viewed freedom as a philosophical topic.

2.1   Ancient Period:

In the opinion of philosophers like Mondin, “the problem of freedom did not receive a meaningful attention in this era”, because they were concerned with finding the foundations of the cosmos. J.B. Akam also thinks along this line when he wrote, that ‘‘among the ancient philosophers, from the pre- Socratics to Plotinus, none gave freedom the attention it deserved’’. He maintained all the same that Aristotle had a coined word which has a close meaning to the notion of some mental state that must precede action. [Read more…]