Impact of Information Needs and Seeking Behaviour of Medical Personnel in Federal Teaching Hospitals

Impact of Information Needs and Seeking Behaviour of Medical Personnel in Federal Teaching Hospitals in South-East Nigeria.

Introduction

Background of the Study.

Medical personnel have many information needs that when satisfied, contribute to improved patient care outcomes and medical personnel life long learning. Information needs are an expression of missing information that is required to accomplish a specific task. Many medical personnel information needs go unmet due to a variety of barriers, including uncertainty about which information resources to use. The number of information resources available to medical personnel is continually growing and there is a lack of guidance about which information resources to access at the point of care.

Fundamentally, medical personnel seek health information for various reasons, such as the need to obtain answers to patient specific questions and to keep abreast of developments in clinical medicine.

Thompson (1997), medical personnel seek information for patient care. Traditionally, medical personnel main source of information comprises books, journals held in personal libraries and internet facilities. However, with the increase in the invention of computers and the internet, many new electronic information resources and systems are now available. The availability of computers and internet has provided the possibility of immediate access to the most recent and reliable clinical needs in everyday medical practice in developed countries. In developing countries, the internet is still only available to a minority of health professionals and, often, it is not available at the point of care. [Read more…]

Treatment and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Treatment and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease: A Case Study of Egor Local Government Area, Edo State

LITERATURE REVIEW

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is a diseases caused by pathogens (e.g. virus, bacteria, parasite, fungus) that is spread from persons to persons. It is debilitating and life threatening. They may be transmitted through the exchange of some blood and other body fluid or by direct contact. The term sexually transmitted disease applied to more than twenty infectious diseases.

At one time these disease were commonly referred to as (VD) venereal diseases. Sexually transmitted diseases are very common and mild medical infections can be cleaned up with simple medical treatment. If left untreated however, serious complication can result.

  1. Blindness
  2. Bone deformities
  3. Heart disease
  4. Infertility
  5. Mental retardation
  6. Death
  7. Cancer

The majority of these complications occur when the disease is not treated properly. [Read more…]

Hemolytic Pattern of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolated From Clinical Specimens

 Hemolytic Pattern of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolated From Clinical Specimens in Abakaliki on Human Erythrocytes

Introduction and Literature Review

Staphylococcus aureus is derived from a Greek word grape cluster berry and in ILatin it means “aureus”- golden”. It is also known as golden sliiph” and “Oro staphira”. (Ryan et al., 2004). The genus Slaphylococcus ay a facultative anaerobic gram positive bacterium. It is cocci, 0.5 to l.Snm in diameter, occurring singly, in pairs and in tetrads and characteristically dividing in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. (Jawetz et al.,2010).

They are facultative anaerobes and usually eakilase positive (Lansing et al.,1999). [Read more…]

Haematological Disorders in Down Syndrome

Haematological Disorders in Down Syndrome

Introduction

       Down syndrome (DS) also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21 (patterso,2009). It is a common congenital disorder affecting 1 in 1000 live births (Weijerman and winter,2010). Newborns and children with Down syndrome may present with many haematological problem, in addition, benign abnormalities of the blood court and blood film, which may manifest at any age. Population based and cancer based registries suggests there is a 12-fold increase risk to 40 fold in children younger than 5 years, and acute myeloid leukaemia in children younger than 5 years. Deaths from leukaemia, in past account for the excess mortality associated with Down syndrome (David et al., 1996 ) Many abnormalities related to blood count have been reported in small retrospective studies in the neonatal period in Down syndrome (David,1996). [Read more…]

Time Series Analysis On Infant Mortality

Time Series Analysis On Infant Mortality – A Case Study Of Specialist Hospital Bauchi (2003 – 2012)

Introduction

Mortality (Death) according to Morris (2003) is the total or permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after birth has taken place. That is, lack of function of whole part body after birth. Therefore, death can only occur after birth has taken place. Mortality is the risk of dying in a given year, measured by the death rate the number of deaths occurring per 100,000 people in a population in the entire universe. Lately, there are thousands of people that die due to one cause or the other. If these causes of death are not noticed, recognized and given proper attention, we may not know the exact causes of various deaths per hour

[Read more…]

Effects of Donated Stored Blood On Anaemic Patients.

Stored Blood On Anaemic Patients.

The development of blood storage systems allowed donation and transfusion. The availability of storage facilities raises the question of how long blood products can and should be stored and how long they are safe and effective. Appreciation of a growing lists of storage lesions of red blood cells has developed with increasing understanding of red blood cell physiology and experience with red blood cell transfusion (Zimrin and Hess, 2009).

With advance in blood transfusion studies, blood fractionation technology has made it possible to harvest each of the blood components as separate concentrates. This ensures precision and accuracy in clinical transfusion therapy so that individual patients can be given only those components they require (Conteras et al, 2001). [Read more…]

Pathogenesis And Management of Lactic Acidosis

Pathogenesis And Management of Lactic Acidosis

Lactic acidosis is an acidification of the blood by an elevated level of lactic acids, produced by low levels of oxygen (Luft F.C. 2010). The medical definition of lactic acidosis is the level of lactic acid above 4-5 mmol/l and serum PH<7.35 (Luft F.C et al. 2010). Lactic acidosis is a physiological condition characterized by low PH in blood and tissues accompanied by build up of lactate which is considered as distinct form of metabolic acidosis (P.W Hochachka et al. 2009).

The condition typically occurs when cells O2 supply is reduced (hypoxia), for example during vigorous exercise. In this situation, impaired cellular respiration leads to reduced PH levels. Simultaneously, cells are forced to metabolized glucose aerobically which leads to lactate formation (Roberg’s R. et al. 2004). Therefore, elevated lactate is an indicative of tissue hypoxia, hypoperfusion, and possible damage (Abramson et al. 1993). [Read more…]

Prevalence Of Malaria Parasitaemia Among Students

Malaria Parasitaemia Among Students

Malaria is one of the most infectious disease and enormous public health problem. It is a vector borne disease and the most serious form is caused by plasmodium falciparum (Arora and Arora, 2005). It is widespread in tropical and sub- tropic regions, including part of America, Asia and Africa. It is the second leading health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for over one million deaths yearly in the region (Sachs and Malnney, 1997). These deaths are primarily among children under five years of age and pregnant women (Snow et al, 2005). [Read more…]

Use Of Blood Groups, Serum Factors And Dna Analysis In The Settlement Of Paternity Disputes.

Use Of Blood Groups, Serum Factors And Dna Analysis In The Settlement Of Paternity Disputes

Abstract

Paternity means fatherhood, the quality or state being a father. Paternity dispute arises in divorce cases, when cases of intidelity is suspected, double/ multiple claims of fatherhood and increases of un established identity. Blood group systems contributed in the exclusion of non fathers in so many cases of paternity. DNA testing in the most accurate method for confirming biological relationship between individuals. DNA paternity testing examines long stands of DNA and is 99.9% accurate, it provides the truth without a shadow of doubt. [Read more…]

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus among Blood Samples for Routine Investigations

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus among Blood Samples for Routine Investigations at the University of Ebonyi State Teaching Hospital (Ebsuth) 

  • Introduction

Exposure to blood borne pathogens through patient’s samples and body fluids poses a serious risk to the medical laboratory scientist and other health care workers. Transmission of these pathogens by needle prick and other sharp objects has been reported (Touzet, 2000) and despite improved methods of preventing exposure, occupational exposures will continue to occur. [Read more…]