Effective Stress Management Could Enhance Employees’ Health And Performance In An Organization

Effective Stress Management Could Enhance Employees’ Health And Performance In An Organization

In the quest to reach organizational goals and objectives, deadlines for the completion of tasks are set for the workers. This goes along side the constraints of time and resources – human and materials – and the struggle to attain the standards that is set for that task (product) despite the constraints. These and many more, especially in stiff competitions, make workers to struggle in order to meet up with the expectations of their employer. One of the outcomes of such struggles, which is generally a contemporary major subject of discussion is stress.

Stress is an inevitable part of work and personal life. Some Organizations have low stress levels with healthy work experiences while others have high stress level which may place their employee’s health at risk. Stress is still one of the most important and serious problems facing the field of organizational behavior. Stress is usually thought of in negative terms when applied to the pressure people feel in life (Rahman, 2013). [Read more…]

Environmental Management System

Environmental Management System: An Analysis of Compliance in Selected Manufacturing Companies in Kano – Nigeria

Background of study

Environmental management system:As the popularity of EMS increases and researchers and others argue about its impact, the need for evaluating its compliance also increases. The need for evaluations has in fact also been identified by researchers in areas of the world where EMS is common. The empirical research on the environmental and business effects of EMS implementation is extensive. During the last few years in Nigeria, the study of EMSis not very common. The primary evaluations and studies show an ambiguous picture regarding the positive effect of EMS on environmental performance. It seems as if successful EMS implementation depends on a number of organizational characteristics such as, for example, drivers for EMS adoption, organisation size, line of business and cultural setting (Chan & Li, 2001; [Read more…]

Role of Combination Therapy in Combating Antibiotics Resistance in Bacteria

Role of Combination Therapy in Combating Antibiotics Resistance in Bacteria

Introduction

Antiboiotic is any agent that inhibit bacterial growth or kill bacteria, (Bryskier, 2005). Antibiotic resistance is resistance of bacteria to antibiotics to which is was originally sensitive to (W.H.O. 2013). Bacteria are able to with stand attack by antibiotics so that standard treatment become ineffective and infections persist increasing risk of spread. The evolution of resistant strains is a natural phenomenon that happens when bacteria are exposed to antibiotic drugs and resistant traits can be exchanged between certain types of bacteria (Brian et al., 2013). The misuse of antibiotics accelerates this natural phenomenon. Poor infection control practices also encourages the spread of antibiotic resistance (W.H.O., 2002). [Read more…]

Histology of the Cerebellum and Behavioral Effect of Akaki Extract

Histology of the Cerebellum and Behavioral Effect of Akaki Extract

Introduction

Background of Study

Akaki Extract:The use of traditional medicaments from plant has being encouraged by the World Health Organization in many advanced countries, their use and popularity have increased rapidly (Subbaram; 1997). Several drugs in use today were developed from some of these plants, examples include; digoxin from Digitalis spp, quinine and Quinidine from chinchona spp. Morphine and codeine from papaver somniferum   (Rates, 2001). [Read more…]

Health Consequences/implications of female genital mutilation (FGM)

Health Consequences/implications of female genital mutilation (FGM) among Women of Child Bearing Age (15-45years)

INTRODUCTION

Background of study

Female genital mutilation:Traditional genital surgery is performed in different societies today for variety of reasons ranging from medical, cosmetic, psychological to social reasons. Female genital mutilation is a deeply rooted, traditional practice. However, female genital cutting as a custom or ritual was first recorded more than 4,000years ago in ancient Egypt (Lovel et al, 2009). In fact, one of the cuttings is even named “pharaonic circumcision” but is not easy to trace the origin of the practice to any particular point or place of history. It spread through migration route to Africa. Most of the cutting rituals performed excessively for cultural and traditional reasons on girls or young women, often without their approval or full understanding of the consequences of the procedures have led to serious complications especially during labour. [Read more…]

Effect of Carbide on Sewage Degradation

Effect of Carbide on Sewage Degradation

Background of Study.

Sewage, water and air pollution is one of the problems faced by public health engineers. Pollution is the contamination of the earth’s environment with materials that interfere with human health, the quality of life, or the natural functioning of ecosystems (living organisms and their physical surroundings). Although some environmental pollution is as a result of natural causes such as volcanic eruptions, most is caused by human activities.There are two main categories of polluting materials, or pollutants. Biodegradable pollutants are materials, such as sewage, that rapidly decompose by natural processes. These pollutants become a problem when added to the environment faster than they can decompose. Nondegradablepollutants are materials that either do not decompose or decompose slowly in the natural environment. Once contamination occurs, it is difficult or impossible to remove these pollutants from the environment. Pollution has social implications. Research has shown that low-income populations and minorities do not receive the same protection from environmental contamination as do higher-income communities. Toxic waste incinerators, chemical plants, and solid waste dumps are often located in low-income communities because of a lack of organized, informed community involvement in municipal decision-making processes (Microsoft Encarta 2009.) Pollution can occur in either air or water. Sewage, water and air pollution is one of the major problems faced by most cities these days. It creates a lot of health issues which may result even to death. Once an environment is polluted either by air or water, the risk of infection and death arises. If sewage is treated properly, it can prove to be beneficial because cleanliness is next to godliness.

Effect of Carbide on Sewage Degradation

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Malaria in Pregnancy and its Health Implications on Pregnant Women.

Malaria in Pregnancy and its Health Implications on Pregnant Women.

Malaria parasitemia is defined as asexual blood stage of malaria parasites of any Plasmodium species detectable on   blood smears (thin or thick). Clinical malaria is defined as any parasitemia associated with an axillary temperature > 37.50C. Packed cell volume (PCV) or Haematocrit is a percentage of the total volume of whole blood occupied by packed red blood cells, when a known volume of whole blood is centrifuged at a constant speed for a constant period of time (Ochei, 2000). [Read more…]

Awareness of Tuberculosis among Prison Inmates in Nigeria

Awareness of Tuberculosis among Prison Inmates in Nigeria

Background of Study

Tuberculosis constitutes a major health problem globally; about one-third of the world population is infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis (Shanon et al, 2006).

According oxford concise medical dictionary, tuberculosis is “an infectious disease caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis and characterized by the formation of nodular lesions (tubercles) in the tissues. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a rod-like gram positive acid-fast bacilli, it is a major cause of tuberculosis (TB) in Nigeria. Other bacteria species are bovine tuberculosis common among raw cow milk consumers,     though infection through this means has been drastically reduced due to evolvement of pasteurization technology. [Read more…]

Physical Exercise and Its Effect on Lipid Profile

Physical Exercise and Its Effect on Lipid Profile

Introduction

Physical activity or exercise includes any body activity that promotes and maintains the physical fitness of the body as well as the entire health of an individual. This physical exercise has its different types with numerous benefits to our body. Many different reasons are there for engaging in physical exercise. This may include: strengthening muscles and cardiovascular system, in doing so helps in preventing cardiovascular diseases. Weight reduction and weight maintenance as well as honing of athletic skills are few of the numerous reasons for engaging in physical exercise. Regular fitness exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent the disease of affluence such as heart disease, type of diabetes and obesity (Herz, 1991; Stamper, 2000; Mason et al, 2001) [Read more…]

Patterns of Disease of the Female Breast Order than Cancer

Patterns of Disease of the Female Breast Order than Cancer in Ebsuth

The protuberant milk producing glandular organs situated on the front of the chest or orthodox in the human female is the breast.1 At rest normal breast consist of six to ten prominent duct systems which descend into functional units of native parenchyma called lobules. The functional units are blindly rudimentary ends before puberty, but proliferate at menarche to form apparent terminal duct lobular units. These complex structures of the mammary gland are prone to most breast tumours, which do arise from lobules, terminal and lactiferous ducts, rarely nipple of the female human often than male.2 [Read more…]