Effects of Instructional Materials in Teaching English Language in Secondary Schools

Effects of Instructional Materials in Teaching English Language in Secondary Schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area.


Background to the Study

Language is a means of communication by which human beings interacts and exchange their thoughts, ideas and feelings. In agreement, Anagbogu, Mba and Ene (2002) defined language as a means devised by human beings for communicating ideas, feelings,  emotions and desires, through complex vocal or written symbols. Language is therefore an indispensible tool in any given human society. That is why Nwaozuzu (2008) referred to it as one of the most fundamental aspects of human behavior. Though language is universal in human society, every society is associated with one or more languages.                                                                                                                                                                                                  The colonial masters introduced the English Language to Nigerians. English Language became a second language in Nigeria due to the multi-lingual nature of the nation and it helps in the unification of the nation. The English Language was considered as the only official means of instruction in training people to serve in the government and the only official means of communication. Thus the English Language became Nigeria’s lingua franca. That is language of ‘convenience’ for communicating with diverse ethnic groups in Nigeria. The English Language became an indispensible tool for national unity, integration and global communication. Baldeh (1990) referred to it as “a window on the world”. [Read more…]

Effect of Poverty on the Academic Performance of Students in Some Selected Secondary Schools

The Effect of Poverty on the Academic Performance of Students in Some Selected Secondary Schools


This chapter attempts a review of the relevant literature and books that are related to the study, to this end the review will be centered on;

  • The concept of poverty
  • The influence of poverty on education of the students in Nigeria
  • The influence of parental economic status on the students at various levels
  • Home environment and student education.


Kelvin cleaver (1993) defined poverty as a state of being with noting or litter material with disease and low access to education. That is to say a poor person suffers because he cannot get his or her basic needs. He lives below the minimum standard of living and suffer different incurable diseases of the illumination of the mind. Poverty limit a nation, lack of opportunity of providing the basic needs of the people such as housing, basic education, infrastructure like good road, water, electricity etc he is also of the view that majority of people chose to be poor because they refuse to engage in the skills acquisition activities like clothing and textile, banking decoration and creating the further explains that all these affect rural development, the improvement of the social well being of the rural population. [Read more…]

Religious Hypocrisy of the Contemporary Nigeria Society

Religious Hypocrisy of the Contemporary Nigeria Society. A Case Study Of Wole Soyinka’s “Trials Of Brother Jero”


Background of the Study

Religious Hypocrisy:Religion is perceived to be the most effective way to control the minds of the people. In fact, religion, whether it is Christianity or Islam has a way of affecting the psyche and ways of thoughts of many people.

Religion plays a significant role in the life of several people across the world. In Africa, in particular, religion is an integral part of the people’s life. Indeed, most of the names that Africans bear are indicative of their religion affinity. [Read more…]