Investigating Synergistic Effect of Ginger and Garlic on the Organoleptic and Shelf-Life Properties of Nunu (cow milk).

Investigating Synergistic Effect of Ginger and Garlic on the Organoleptic and Shelf-Life Properties of Nunu (cow milk).

Abstract

This study was carried out at Biotechnology Advanced Laboratory, Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHETSCO) Abuja with an aim to evaluate synergistic effect of garlic and ginger on the organoleptic and shelf-life properties of nunu (cow milk). Fresh ginger and garlic were purchased from Gwagwalada market of Abuja metropolis and fresh samples of nunu were sourced from different vendors/location within the Sheda metropolis and was collected aseptically into sterile bottles of 50 mL each and labeled A, B, C, D, respectively and then taken to the laboratory for analysis. Bacterial isolates were characterized based on microscopic appearance, colonial morphology and biochemical tests. The nunu with lower microbial load was used to run an organoleptic study after 4 days. [Read more…]

Proximate Analysis of Six Different Local Varieties of Sweet Potato Ipomoea Batatas Tuber

Proximate Analysis of Six Different Local Varieties of Sweet Potato Ipomoea Batatas Tuber

Introduction

Background of the Study

In many food laboratories bulk of the routine analysis comprises the methods of proximate analysis. Proximate analysis of food is the determination of the major components of food, which include: moisture, liquids (food), protein, carbohydrate and fibre. [Read more…]

Effect of Dry Cassava Peels on Broilers Growth Characteristics

Effect of Dry Cassava Peels on Broilers Growth Characteristics

Introduction

Cassava peels: In recent years, poultry farming has increased throughout the world, especially in developing countries. According to the projection for the year 2000, overall world production of poultry will increase twofold, while the increase in developing countries alone will be threefold. Although poultry farming supplies the population in large urban centers with animal protein, it should be acknowledged that this form of farming is very expensive and depends on imported inputs. [Read more…]

Nephrotoxicity Study on Boiled Extract of Alstonia Boonei, On Albino Rats a Popular Anti malaria Herb

Nephrotoxicity Study on Boiled Extract of Alstonia Boonei, On Albino Rats a Popular Anti malaria Herb Used In Ohaukwu L.G.A of Ebonyi State Nigeria,

 

Introduction

Malaria, a life threatening disease caused by a parasitic infection of the red blood cells known as Plasmodium transmitted through a bite of the female anopheles mosquitoes, is undoubtedly one of the most destructive and dangerous infectious agent in the developing world, predominantly tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of America, Asia and Africa (Winter et al., 2006). [Read more…]

Effect of Ethanol Extract of Blighia Unijugata on Blood Glucose Level and Histopathology of Selected Organs in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Albino Rats

Effect of Ethanol Extract of Blighia Unijugata on Blood Glucose Level and Histopathology of Selected Organs in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Albino Rats

Introduction

Background of Study

Blood glucose: Diabetes also known as diabetes mellitus is a chronic health problem with devastating, yet preventable consequences (Zimmet et al., 2007). It is characterized by high blood glucose levels resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action or both (Zimmet et al., 2007). Diabetes is a disease that affect millions of people every year. The body is made of millions of cells that need energy to function. The food you eat is turned to sugar called glucose. The sugar is carried to the cells through the blood stream. [Read more…]

Histological Effect of Akaki Extract on the Stomach

Histological Effect of Akaki Extract on the Stomach

Introduction

Background of Study

 Akaki Extract:Research on plant has increased in recent time all over the world, because of their immense potentials in treatment diseases (Amaglah and Benang, 2009). Many scientists have reported the ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological characteristics properties of medical plants (makanjnola 2008) many of these plants have been screened to posses several biological activities such as anti – diabetic and anti – inflammation effects (Akomo; 2009 Barrett 1994). The massive use of herbs in the treatment of diseases is also encouraged by their efficiency, their availability and low cost (Karow et al, 2007). [Read more…]

Comparative Biochemical Effect of Uvarae Chamea and Securidaca Longepeducunlata Leaf Extract in Alloxon Induced Diabetic in Albino Rats

Comparative Biochemical Effect of Uvarae Chamea and Securidaca Longepeducunlata Leaf Extract in Alloxon Induced Diabetic in Albino Rats

Introduction

Uvarae Chamea:Many indigenous plants are used in herbal medicine to cure diseases and heal injuries in Nigeria (Irobuchi .F. 2008). Such medicinal plants include Uverae Chamae and Securidaca Longepeduculata. The active ingredient of most of the commonly used conventional drugs were originally derive from plant parts before their pharmaceutical mass production from synthetic chemicals (Middleton E. 2009). Presently, the use of natural products ranging from drugs to food, for industrial purpose is increasing (Middleton. E.2009). This is because of fear of side effects, environmental pollutions and other unfavourable factors that are often associated with conventional medication which are relatively reduce or even absent in natural products. (Okaka J.C. 2001). This makes research in plants and other natural sources very imperative, many locally available plants acclaimed to posses some therapeutic properties that are being subjected to scientific study to ascertain the basis of their therapeutic effect and possibly be integrated into modern medical practice. [Read more…]

Biochip

Biochip

Introduction

A biochip is a collection of miniaturized test sites (microarrays) arranged on a solid substrate that allows many tests to be performed at the same time in order to achieve higher throughput and pace. (Fortina et al., 2001). Typically, a biochip’s surface area is no larger than a fingernail. Like a computer chip that can perform millions of mathematical operations in one second, a biochip can perform thousands of biological reactions, such as decoding genes in few seconds. [Read more…]