Effect of NPK fertilizer and poultry manure on the vegetative growth and fruit yield of cucumber

Effect of NPK fertilizer and poultry manure on the vegetative growth and fruit yield of cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.)

Abstract

The effect of NPK fertilizer and poultry manure on the vegetative growth and fruit yield of cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.) was studied. The experiment was conducted as a 4 x 4 factorial, laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). The treatments comprised of four levels of NPK fertilizer (0, 15, 20, 25 kg/ha) and four levels of poultry manure (0, 15, 20, 25 kg/ha). [Read more…]

analysis of resource use efficiency in cassava production by smallholder adp contact farmers

analysis of resource use efficiency in cassava production by smallholder adp contact farmers in ebonyi state, nigeria

 introduction

Background of the Study

Cassava (Manihot esculenta crantz) is an important economic crop cultivated in many tropical countries including Nigeria. Over 60% of the world total cassava crop is grown in Africa and the producing nations are Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Tanzania and Mozambique. Cassava production in West Africa has doubled from 25.8million tons in 1990 to 52.3million tons in 2004 (Food and Agricultural Organization, 2007). However, Nigeria ranks as the largest producer of cassava in the world with 45,721,000, 43,410,000 and 44,582,000 million tons in 2006, 2007and2008 respectively (F0ASAT, 2009).

Cassava is consumed by more than half of the world population. It has become a main staple food among rural and urban households across Africa (Nweke, 1994). In fact, it is generally recognized as the most staple and choice food for most people in the country. About 90% of cassava is consumed as food (Awoyinka, 2009). Osirus (1997), reported that tuberous root of cassava are valuable source of cheap calories. Aye, Oboh and Blam (2006) observed that cassava has great value and can play crucial role in contributing to food and nutritional security, income generation, poverty alleviation and socio – economic growth of Nigeria. Almost every household grow cassava either for home consumption or for cash income. Agricultural Policy, Monitoring, and Evaluation Unit (APMEU) (1997) noted that cassava is a domestic crop that is common among households as food crop as well as cash crop and it is gaining ground in taking the position of yam and many other domestic arable crop staples in the small-scale agricultural farming households. [Read more…]

problem and prospects of small scale fish farmers

 problem and prospects of small scale fish farmers in edo state: a case study of ovia north east local government area of edo state

 literature review

Introduction

Fish farming otherwise known as fish culture is a branch of aquaculture which involves the domestication and rearing of different types of fish. This practice allows feeding, breeding, growing and harvesting of fish in a well planned  manner. A wide range of fish farming does exist including growing of fish in earthen ponds, concrete tanks, cages, pens, or run-ways (Swift, 1993). Several methods of successful production of fish is practiced but the popular and simple technique is the earthen pond, which is the basic unit of fish farming worldwide and it is dependent on natural production of fish feed (Plumb,1999).

Previous study had confirmed that land, water, labour and capital are the most essential resources in that order (Kudi et al., 2008). In spite of availability of these resources, fish farmers identified lack of finance, lack of good market, pest and diseases as other important issues in fish production (Agbebi et al., 2006; Ndu, 2006). Another problem faced by fish farmers is the processing and preservation needs of fish. Davies and Davies, 2009 reported different methods of preservation such as drying, smoking, chilling and brining, but the most prominent method of fish preservation in Nigeria is smoke-drying (Akinola et al., 2006). According to Momoh (2009), several Nigerian government parastatals planned to collaborate to establish industries for canning and further [Read more…]

The Role of Rural Women Farmers on the Economic Development of Ondo State

The Role of Rural Women Farmers on the Economic Development of Ondo State: A Case Study of Ese-Odo Local Government Area

LITERATURE REVIEW

INTRODUCTION

The most frequently asked question in the study of development economics is what initiate the process of economic development? Unfortunately there is no single theory which fully explains the cause of development no can one draw general conclusion from the economic history of the rich industrial nations whose experience is unique. It is now being increasing recognized that there is no low of economic development. No single theory can be used to explain the way in which full employment might be achieved in less developed countries (LDCS) which have diverse social, geographical and economic characteristics. However, the following summaries of economic development theories therefore are necessary. [Read more…]

Economic Impacts of Timber Exploitation on the Natural Environment.

Economic Impacts of Timber Exploitation on the Natural Environment.

Introduction

Background of the Study

Exploitation of natural resources is an essential condition for human existence. Throughout history, humans have manipulated natural resources to produce the materials they needed to sustain growing human populations. This refers primarily to food production, although other products from the natural environment have been exploited. Often, the exploitation of nature has been done in a non-sustainable way, thereby posing great threat to human existence (Irina, 2008; Omotonwan and Osa-Edoh, 2008).

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Evaluation of Urban Agriculture as a Sustainable Tool for Poverty Reduction

Evaluation of Urban Agriculture as a Sustainable Tool for Poverty Reduction

Background Information

Agriculture plays a role in providing sufficient and available food for the teeming population of any nation, employment for both skilled and unskilled labour, raw materials for industries, income to farmers, shelter to people, regional development and foreign exchange to mention a few. Due to these provisions, agriculture has been considered as a very important factor influencing the standard of living of any country (Ekohwo, 2009). Agriculture can, therefore, be seen as a sustainable tool for reducing and fighting poverty.

Evaluation of Urban Agriculture as a Sustainable Tool for Poverty Reduction in Abakaliki Urban of Ebonyi State

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Import, Revenue, and Welfare Effects of Economic Partnership Agreement on Agricultural Trade between Ecowas and the Eu: Evidence from Gambia and Nigeria

Import, Revenue, and Welfare Effects of Economic Partnership Agreement on Agricultural Trade between Ecowas and the Eu: Evidence from Gambia and Nigeria

Background of the Study

Import, Revenue, and Welfare Effects of Economic Partnership:The effort towards an African template is meant and designed to assist the African Union (AU) member states in their negotiation of economic partnership agreements (EPAs) with the European Commission (ATPC, 2008:73). More so, an important factor for the approach taken towards the production of an African template is that EPAs have demonstrated the imminent potential to destroy rather than support the ongoing integration process in Africa. The groups have had the benefit of common African positions that the African Union Trade Ministers have adopted since 2003, but in the actual negotiations, there has not been a facilitative mechanism for approximating the actual language of the provisions, partly because the negotiating groups have not had the other groups as observers, and partly because continental institutions such as the Commission of the African Union and the Economic Commission for Africa have not been parties to the negotiations or consistently been present with the role of assisting the harmonization. The final template to be prepared under the auspices of the African Union Commission hopefully will be a facilitative basis for coordination among the groups, in view of the steps to be taken for establishing a standing working or coordinating group on EPA positions and language, and of the groups reaching agreement that where appropriate, the groups will adopt common language and text for the EPA positions (ECOWAS Statistical Bulletin,2008).

 

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Effect Of Irrigation Technology On Vegetable Production During Dry Season

Effect Of Irrigation Technology On Vegetable Production During Dry Season

Introduction

Background to the study

Dry season vegetable irrigation system plays a leg role in the economy of Nigeria as a basic source of food, income, and employment generation especially in the off season of rainfall agriculture (Ojo et al, 2010). Irrigated agriculture will need to expand rapidly in the future in order to cope with the rising demand. However, water resources are limited and, irrigation is very labour demanding because many farmers practice irrigation by carrying water by hand from the well, reservoir or river to the field (Van Leeuwen, 2001).

Irrigation schemes in developing countries especially in sub-sahara Africa (SSA) suffer from very low water use efficiency, resulting in water logging and salinity problems. Most readily available water resources have been mobilized already and a large part of the expansion of the irrigated area should come from the development of small-holder farmers of small local water resources, such as small reservoirs and shallow ground water. The optimal use of these limited resources is essential. The adoption of small-scale low-cost irrigation technologies by small-holder farmers in Africa has great potential and could be one of the solution for increasing food production, farmer’s incomes and improving food security (Van Leeuiwen, 2001; Hillel, 2001).

Effect Of Irrigation Technology On Vegetable Production During Dry Season In Ohaukwu L.G.A Of Ebonyi State

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Analysis of Palm Oil Marketing By Processors

Analysis of Palm Oil Marketing By Processors in Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State

Introduction

Background Statement

Palm oil marketing in Nigeria has always been concerned with all stages of operation that aid movement of the produce from producer to the final consumers. These include assemblage, storage, transportation, grading and financial (Nwauwa, 2012). Marketing of palm oil in Nigeria takes place in homes, road sides, local/periodic market centres and stalls. These can be both wholesale and retail types in both rural and urban markets. Palm oil is a very lucrative business. [Read more…]

Effects of Climate Change on Rice Production

 Effects of Climate Change on Rice Production in Ikwo Logal Government Area of Ebonyi State

Background Information

Rice (Oryza sativa) is an important crop consumed as a healthy and staple food. It is becoming difficult to find it missing on the daily menu of most Nigerians, or the refreshment list of important ceremonies like wedding, burial ceremonies or birthday parties. Rice is consumed in almost all households in Nigeria. It is a meal that cuts across all tribes, peoples and groups. [Read more…]