Strategies for Healthy Employer- Employee Relationship in an Organisation

A Study on the Strategies for Healthy Employer- Employee Relationship in an Organisation (A Case Study of Emente Company Limited Emene Enugu)

Literature Review

  • Concept of Strategy.

According to the long man dictionary of contemporary English (new edition) strategy means a well planned series of action for achieving an aim especially success against an opponent.

Denis Onyemaechi Nebeife in his text business policy and strategic management Vol.1 (2002:29) the term strategy has to do with given direction on how to realize set of goals.  It is a general programme of action and development emphasis and resources to attain comprehensive goals.

In the business perspective chandler (1962:13) strategy is the determination of long terms goals objective of an enterprises and the adoption of courses of action and the allocation of resources necessary to easy out the organization’s objective.

For the purpose of this research work the researcher therefore defines the concept of strategy as all the series of action which must be taken to ensure a good healthy relationship between the employer and the employee in an organization.  In all management of any organization needs a guide to the activities or pattern of activities necessary to enhance cordial relationships between the management and the worker so as to accomplish her set objectives. Read More »

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Use of Computer in Management Information System

 Use of Computer in Management Information System in First Bank Plc, Enugu

Literature Review

2.1     History of Management Information System (Mis)

Onon-Igbo (2001:231) defined management information system as a combination of organizational lines and serves The information needs of managers at different levels by providing information in a useful format on a timely basis to support planning and control requirements.

Management information system attempt to provide managers at all levels with Ihe information they need to guide their enterprises in the context of Ihe 1980s.  They typically require the use of sophisticated computer hardware and software although theoretically a management information system (MIS) should be achievable without computer resources, in this regards very few or less achieve Ihe desired goals.

The potentials of contemporary technology that is computer provide hope that more systems deserving this designation will be a developed tools far the planning and control function of the endeavor with the ability to respond to planned managerial levels.

‘A Study of the Use of Computer in Management Information System in First Bank Plc, Enugu

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Factors Influencing Attitude of Women of Childbearing Age toward Family Planning

Factors Influencing Attitude of Women of Childbearing Age toward Family Planning in Calabar Metropolis

Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

There are many variables that determine the attitude of woman of childbearing age toward family planning; such variables could be viewed from Socio-economic factor, Cultural Factor Community norms, Religious affiliation, Gender role and Effectiveness of the services. Family planning is the technique that enables couples to determine when to have baby. There are a numbers of available family planning techniques (elaitan, 2011). Techniques commonly used include Oral pills, Depo Provera, Noristerat, IUCD, Condoms, Implant, and Sterilization etc.Family planning also known as birth control is most usually applied to couples who wish to limit the numbers of children they have and to control the timing of pregnancy (spacing children).

Family planning is when and how many children to have and the use of birth control techniques to implement such plans, so that they can give utmost care to the children, financially, psychologically and socially (United States Department of Agriculture, 2007). According to WHO, (2004) family planning is a way of thinking and living that is adopted voluntarily, upon the basis of knowledge, attitudes and responsible decision by individuals and couples in order to promote the health and welfare of family groups and thus contribute effectively to the social development of a Country. Read More »

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Effects of Drug Abuse among University undergraduates

Effects of Drug Abuse among University undergraduates in Nigeria

Introduction

This research work is on the effects of Drug Abuse among University undergraduates in Nigeria. It appears that not only the use of drugs that create problems but rather their misuse. In other words the widespread use of drugs has not only turned our attention to the dynamics of drug use and its determinants but also made it necessary to weigh the impact of this process on social institutions and social charge in future generations.

Drug abuse according to Laver (1978) simply means the improper use of drugs to the degree that the consequences are defined as detrimental to the user and or the society. The World Health Organization  (WHO (2006) also defined drug abuse as a “state” of periodic or chronic intoxication, detrimental to the individual and to the society, produced by the repeated consumption of a drug (natural or synthetic). Read More »

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Design and Implementation of a Computerized Career Guidance Information System

Design and Implementation of a Computerized Career Guidance Information System

                                                                           Chapter Two

Review of Relevant Literature

2.1     Vocational Development and Career Counselling

Career development  theories  propose  vocational   models  that  include changes  throughout  the  lifespan.  Super’s model  proposes  a  lifelong  five-stage career development process. The stages are growth, exploration, establishment, maintenance, and disengagement. Throughout life, people have many roles that may differ in terms of importance and meaning. Gottfredson  proposed a cognitive career decision-making process that develops through the lifespan. The initial stage of career development is hypothesized to be the development of self-image in childhood, as the range of possible roles narrows using criteria such as sex-type, social class, and prestige. During and after adolescence, people take abstract concepts into consideration, such as interests.

Career counselling may include provision of occupational information, modelling skills, written exercises, and exploration of career goals and plans, Rahardja (2008). Career counselling can also involve the use of personality or career interest assessments, such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which is based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological type, or the Strong Interest Inventory, which makes use of Holland’s theory. Assessments of skills, abilities, and values are also commonly assessed in career counselling. Read More »

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A Survey of the Management Problems of Business Centres

A Survey of the Management Problems of Business Centres in Agwu (A Study of Selected Business Centres in Agwu Local Government Area)

  • Review Of Literature

This chapter reviews related literature relating to the problems of

Establishing Business Centres. In order to do this, the researcher reviewed a number of books, Journals and government books.

The review covers the following:

–        An overview and historical development of Business center in Nigeria

–        Resource Availability and Business Centre establishment

–        Virtues and Benefits of Business centres

–        Problems of Business centres

–        Attempts at Ameliorating Business centres

–        Problems.

  • Overview and Historical Development of Business Centre

According to NWOSU (1984), Business centres have been with us even

since the times of trade by barter with the craftsmen given prominence to today’s manufacturing.  Originally, it was based on indigenous artisan ingenuity but the continuing changes in modern production process y which one innovation or invention readers, an existing on obsolete and create new area of consumer satisfaction. Read More »

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the Role and Performance Effectiveness of Professional Secretaries in Selected Government Metropolis

the Role and Performance Effectiveness of Professional Secretaries in Selected Government Metropolis. A Study of Three Selected Government Parastatals

2.1     Review of Literature

The literature of the study is going to be received along the following head.

  • What is a professional secretary
  • Appraisal of the definition
  • Definition of secretary
  • The role of the secretaries in Government houses.
  • Qualities of a secretary.
  • List of professional performance effectiveness.

2:1    What is a Professional Secretary

Millerson (1994) defined profession as higher non manuals occupation with both subjectivity and objectivity recognized occupational status, possessing a well-defined of study or concern and providing a definite service occupation.

Hornby (1995) defined profession as a paid occupation thya6 requires advanced education and training.

  • Appraisal of the Definition

On the basis of the above definition, easily say before any occupation attains professional status, it must first and foremost involve posses a well definite service to whoever that desired it after which the professional must have been well nurtured in training and education.

The stimulating issue for this study is find out how far those individuals in the secretarial profession today  are carrying out the supposed professional performance effectiveness in order to enhance their professional competencies and therefore make their impact to be felt in the society. Read More »

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Teachers’ Perception on Dimension of Moral Decadence among Secondary School Students

Teachers’ Perception on Dimension of Moral Decadence among Secondary School Students in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Review of Related Literature

The review of related literature is carried out under the following sub-heading:

  • Conceptual framework of morality
  • Theoretical review of morality
  • Review of related empirical studies
  • Summary of related literature reviewed.

Conceptual Framework. 

Morality as a concept is elusive and highly nebulous to give a particular definition to morality deals basically with humans and how they relate to other beings, both humans and non-humans. It deals with how human treat other being so as to promote mutual welfare, growth, creatively and meaning as they strive for what is good over what is wrong. Shrishim and Apenda as cited by utusa (2010) traced the concept of morality to its ontological pedigree thus;

Morality is said to come from latin word ‘moralis’ which means habits, customs, way of life and standards of human behavior. The word is akin to the Greek “ethos” which means character. This refers to good or bad, right or wrong behavior, conduct etc. (p. 5B). Read More »

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Geology of Ngbo Area

Geology of Ngbo Area

  Introduction

Ngbo and its environs are part of the sediments of Ezeaku formation in southeastern Nigeria. It has four lithologies of laminated black shale, Siltstone, bioturbated sandstone, and limestone units in order of oldest to the youngest. Ngbo and it’s environs was studied using surface geological mapping with the major of identifying of the geological features. Thereby establishing the depositional history and constructing the local stratigraphy of the area.

  • Location and Accessibility of the Area

The study area is Ngbo and its environs in Ohaukwu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. It is geographically located between latitudes 6o 251N to 6o 301N and longitudes 7o551 E to 8o 001 E covering a total area of about 81 km2. It is located in the southern extension of the Benue Trough and Western limb of Abakaliki anticlinorium. It is within the North West region of Ebonyi State.

The area was accessed through Enugu-Abakaliki Express Road and Ezza – Ngbo and Effium Road through a network of tarred roads. During the fieldwork, vehicles, motorcycles and footpaths were employed to aid accessibility and movement to outcrops located where motor cycle where not able to access (Fig. 1) Read More »

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Investigation into Fraudulent Financial Management Practices in Local Government System

Investigation into Fraudulent Financial Management Practices in Local Government System

Chapter Two

Review of Related Literature

This chapter deals with the review of relevant and related literature to this study. To further lay a solid foundation to the study, the literature was reviewed under the following headings; Conceptual frameworks, theoretical framework, review of empirical studies and summary of literature review.

  1. Conceptual Framework
  • Concept of local governments
  • Concept of financial management
  • Concept of Fraud in local government
  • Causes of fraudulent financial management in local government system
  • Impact of the fraudulent financial management in local government system
  1. Theoretical Framework
  2. Empirical Studies
  3. Summary Of Reviewed Literature

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